Dating in the 21st century information
This code includes laws relating to the practice of medicine, and the penalties for failure were severe.
For example, “If the doctor, in opening an abscess, shall kill the patient, his hands shall be cut off”; if, however, the patient was a slave, the doctor was simply obliged to supply another slave.
Common maladies, such as colds or constipation, were accepted as part of existence and dealt with by means of such herbal remedies as were available.
Serious and disabling diseases, however, were placed in a very different category.
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The preservation of mummies has, however, revealed some of the diseases suffered at that time, including arthritis, tuberculosis of the bone, gout, tooth decay, bladder stones, and gallstones; there is evidence too of the parasitic disease schistosomiasis, which remains a scourge still.
Divination, from the inspection of the liver of a sacrificed animal, was widely practiced to foretell the course of a disease.
Little else is known regarding Babylonian medicine, and the name of not a single physician has survived., who designed one of the earliest pyramids, the Step Pyramid at Ṣaqqārah, and who was later regarded as the Egyptian god of medicine and identified with the Greek god Asclepius.
The use of charms and talismans, still prevalent in modern times, is of ancient origin.
Apart from the treatment of wounds and broken bones, the folklore of medicine is probably the most ancient aspect of the art of healing, for primitive physicians showed their wisdom by treating the whole person, soul as well as body.