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Though transportation and shipping were the primary sources of revenue, in 1895 HAL offered its first vacation cruise.
Its second vacation cruise, from New York to Palestine, was first offered in 1910.
The final R class ship, Amsterdam, like a hybrid of Rotterdam and Volendam/Zaandam, incorporates Rotterdam's twin funnels as well as the Lido deck aft pool.
Together, Rotterdam and Amsterdam were considered HAL's flagships.
The ones that had left service after 1989 are at the bottom of the page at the other category.
At the start of the Second World War, HAL had 25 ships; nine remained at war's end.By the late 1960s, the golden era of transatlantic passenger ships had been ended by the introduction of transatlantic jet air travel.HAL ended transatlantic service during the early 1970s, leaving the North Atlantic passenger trade for Cunard's RMS Queen Elizabeth 2. It ceased operating as a Dutch line in 1989, when it was purchased by Carnival for 1.2 billion guilders (€530 million).The proceeds were put into an investment company (HAL Investments), the majority of which is owned by the van der Vorm family.This is the category of Holland America Line Ships that left service or sank before 1989.
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After the war, the cruise line was instrumental in transporting a massive wave of immigrants from the Netherlands to Canada and elsewhere.